Dr. Anthony Roberts has more than a decade of experience as an eye physician at Shady Grove Ophthalmology in Rockville, Maryland. In this position, Dr. Anthony Roberts performs a variety of procedures, including Lasik. He also treats such conditions as diabetic retinopathy.
Individuals with diabetic retinopathy can experience four unique stages of the disease if the condition is not effectively treated by an ophthalmologist.
During the disease’s mild non-proliferative stage, a person will experience microaneurysms, or small, balloon-shaped areas of swelling throughout the retina’s blood vessels.
In the second, more moderate stage of diabetic retinopathy, important blood vessels responsible for keeping the retina in proper health become blocked and ineffective.
As the third stage–referred to as severe non-proliferative retinopathy–sets in, more and more blood vessels surrounding the retina become blocked. Some of these vessels are responsible for signaling the need for new blood vessels to be generated, further debilitating the retina as the area becomes crowded with unhealthy and abnormally placed blood vessels.
In the disease’s advanced stage–referred to as proliferative retinopathy–the retina begins creating new blood vessels, but they are extremely fragile. Any vessel that leaks blood into the retina can lead to significant visual impairments, including blindness.